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Breakpoint 2023: The Network State

Exploring the viability and implications of forming decentralized, digital-first nation-states

The notes below are AI generated and may not be 100% accurate. Watch the video to be sure!


In an insightful talk at Breakpoint, the concept of forming new countries called "network states" was presented as not only a viable idea but also as a preferable and profitable endeavor. Highlighting the crossover between technology and governance, the speaker envisions a future where digital and physical worlds merge to create decentralized nations. These network states can start small— much like cryptocurrencies or tech companies — and grow to compete with traditional countries in terms of population and influence. The idea is built upon the foundations laid by cryptocurrencies, digital networks, and the increasing adaptability of the current nation-states towards digital innovations.

Key Point: The Concept of Network States

The Network State as a Decentralized Country

The idea of a network state is introduced as analogous to decentralized currencies like Bitcoin, suggesting a new country model based on decentralized communities. These communities would physically occupy buildings, cul-de-sacs, and towns globally, creating nodes resembling a social network of inhabitants with substantial collective resources.

Emergence Path of a Network State

Discussion revolves around how a network state could feasibly grow from a small founder group to a populous and recognized nation. Emphasizing a bottom-up approach to growth, the speaker visualizes an incremental journey from crowdfunding a building with a hundred people to larger-scale real estate developments with thousands.

Facts + Figures

  • Google, Facebook, and Bitcoin are cited as examples of successful projects with modest beginnings that eventually gained global influence.
  • The discussed network state boasts a million-plus population, a substantial collective annual income, and an expansive global footprint.
  • The majority of countries within the United Nations consist of fewer than 10 million people, placing the proposed network state's population within a realistic range for recognizing as a country.
  • The network state's location is listed as "global and decentralized," reflecting the nature of blockchain technologies.
  • The presented model suggests network states could grow at a rate of 15% per year in population.

Top quotes

  • "A network state is a decentralized country."
  • "The cumulative population, income, and real estate footprint of this physical social network is comparable to that of a legacy nation-state."
  • "Could crypto countries rank with fiat countries?"
  • "First you get the cloud, and the's global and decentralized."
  • "Society as a service is actually something where you go and your digital wallet gives you your passport."
  • "Once you get big enough, sufficient traction gains you diplomatic recognition."

Questions Answered

What is a network state?

A network state is akin to a decentralized currency but in the form of a country. It encompasses a globally distributed social network of nodes—physical communal spaces where people live and work, owning real estate collectively.

How can a network state grow in size?

The growth of a network state typically follows an emergence path analogous to tech startups and cryptocurrencies—starting with a foundational founder group and scaling up through crowdfunding and community growth, eventually achieving significant population and infrastructure.

Why are network states compared to cryptocurrencies?

Network states are compared to cryptocurrencies because they follow similar principles of decentralization. Both begin as digital-centric entities with the potential to expand and integrate into the physical world, impacting governance and societal structures.

How can a network state gain legitimacy and recognition?

A network state can gain recognition through persistent pursuit of diplomatic channels, potentially starting with special economic zones before achieving full nation-state status. This process mirrors enterprises that encounter rejections before becoming accepted.

What makes the concept of network states profitable?

The profitability of network states hinges on the same factors that make existing digital services lucrative: subscription models and digital economies. Society as a service can generate revenue through digital transactions and governance functions, leading to significant per capita earnings.